3-flap graft but too small for a bark graft (photo at right). Sure, I could have placed a 3-flap graft up near the top of the tree. But, to make sure my graft will get a good push from the root system, I like to remove at least one-half of the top when choosing a spot to graft.
I grafted this tree in an area that deer frequent. So, instead of my normally applied bird perch, I placed a 2 foot diameter deer cage over the graft (photo at left). The cage is constructed of 2" x 4" welded wire that is 5 feet tall and secured with a steel fence post. These cages not only keep curious deer away from my graft, the birds will perch on the cage and not the graft.