During the first summer after grafting a tree, I spent a lot of time pruning and training the scion's new growth to ensure I create a tree with a dominant central leader. The tree pictured at right is an example of a bark graft I made this past spring. I've already pruned the scion down to a single shoot back in late-May and removed stalked buds in mid-June. Looking at the photo, the scion appears to be growing straight and tall just like I want it to grow. However, on closer inspection this tree needs a little attention.